Synthesis and characterization of superparamagnetic Iron Oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) stabilized by Glucose, Fructose and Sucrose

Document Type: Reasearch Paper

Authors

1 Department of Physics, Sree Krishna College of Engineering, Unai, Anaicut, Tamilnadu, India

2 PG and Research Department of Physics, Islamiah College, Vaniyambadi, Tamilnadu, India

3 Department of Physics, University College of Engineering-Arni, Tamilnadu, India

4 Department of Physics, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract

The aim of this study is to obtain polysaccharide (Glucose, Fructose and Sucrose) stabilized superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) by Co-Precipitation method. As prepared iron oxide nanoparticles have been characterized by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, UV–Vis NIR spectroscopy, High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscope (HRTEM) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM). The average crystallite sizes as determined from XRD for Glucose–Fe3O4 (GF), Fructose–Fe3O4 (FF) and Sucrose–Fe3O4 (SF) are 3.3, 4.82 and 5.23 nm, respectively. Powder XRD study also demonstrates that the synthesized nanoparticles are indexed for spinel cubic lattice. FTIR spectrum shows a good vibrational interaction between Fe3O4 and polysaccharides functional groups and it controls the growth of Fe3O4 nanoparticles. SPIONs exhibit superparamagnetic properties with a coercivity ranging from 0.55 to 9.13 Oe and a saturation magnetization in the range 38-42 emu/g.

Keywords

Main Subjects


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