Ti-alloys: Potential nano-modifier for Rocket Propellants

Document Type: Reasearch Paper

Authors

Department of Chemistry, KSKV kachchh university, Bhuj Gujarat INDIA

10.7508/ijnd.2016.02.009

Abstract

Composite solid propellants were prepared with and without nano-alloys (Ti-Co, Ti-Ni, Ti-Zn), where nano-alloys used as catalyst. These nano-alloys are prepared by hydrazine reduction method. Catalytic properties of these nanomaterials were measured on Ammonium perchorate/hydroxyterminatedpolybutadiene propellant by thermogravimetery analysis and differential thermal analysis. Both experimental results show enhance in the thermal decomposition of propellants in presence of nano-alloys. In this differential thermal analysis method experiments had done in 3 heating rate â1=5, â2=10, â3=15 degree on minute. Independent to model free; calculation of activation energy of high temperature decomposition step was done by using following kissinger equation. Burning rate of propellants is also calculated.

Keywords

Main Subjects


[1] Chaturvedi S., Dave P. N., (2011), Review: Nano Metal Oxide: Potential Catalyst on Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. J. of Exp. Nanosci. 15: 1-27.
[2] Chaturvedi S., Dave P. N., (2013), A Review on the Use of Nanometals as Catalysts for the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. J. Saudi Chem. Soc. 17: 135-149.
[3] Chaturvedi S., Dave P. N., Shah N. K., (2012), Review: Catalyst: Applications in Era of Nanoscience. J. Saudi Chem. Soc. 16: 307-325.
[4] Chaturvedi S., Dave P. N., (2013), Review: Design process of nanomaterials. J. Mat. Sci. 48: 3605-3622.
[5] Sharma J. K., Srivastava P., Singh S., Singh G., (2014), Review on the Catalytic Effect of nanoparticles on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Energy and Environ. Focus. 3: 1-9.
[6] Sharma J. K., Srivastava P., Singh S., Singh G., (2014), Review on Nanocatalysts: Potential Burning Rate Modifier for Composite Solid Propellants. Mater. Focus. 3: 1-11.
[7] Chaturvedi S., Dave P. N., Nikul N., Patel N. N., (2014), Nano-alloys: Potential catalyst for thermal decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. Synth. Reactivity Inorg. Metal-Organic, and Nano-Metal Chem. 42: 258-262.
[8] Chaturvedi S., Dave P. N., Nikul N., Patel N. N., (2015), Thermal decomposition AP/HTPB Propellants in presence of Zn Nanoalloys. J. Appl. Nanosc. 5: 93-98.
[9] Wu S. H., Chen D. H., (2003), Synthesis and characterization of nickel nanoparticles by hydrazine reduction in ethylene glycol. J. Colloid and Interf. Sci. 59: 282-286.
[10] Wang H. R., Ye Y. F., Min G-H., Chen Y., Teng X-Y., (2003), Crystallization kinetics of an amorphous Zr–Cu–Ni alloy calculation of the activation energy. J. Alloys and Comp. 353: 200-206.
[11] Krishna S., Swami R. D., (1997), Effect of Catalyst
Mixing Procedure on Sub atmospheric Combustion Characteristics of Composite Propellants. J. propulsion  and Power. 13: 207-212.
[12] Birks L. S., Friedman H., (1946), Particle size determination from X-ray line broadening. J. Appl. Phys. 17: 687-692.
[13] Lu K., Wei W. D., Wang J. T., (1991), Grain growth kinetics and interfacial energies in nanocrystalline Ni-P alloys.  J. Appl. Phys. 69: 7345-7347.
[14] Bircumshaw L. L., Newmann B. H., (1954) The thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate I. Introduction, experimental, analysis of gaseous products, and thermal decomposition experiments. Proc. Roy. Soc: A. 227: 115-132.
[15] Chakravarthy S. R., Price E. W., Sigman R. K., (1997), Mechanism of Burning Rate Enhancement of Composite Solid Propellants by Ferric Oxide. J. Propulsion and Power. 13: 471-480.
[16] Singh G., Senguta S. K., Kapoor I. P. S., Dubey S., Dubey R., Singh S., (2013), Nanoparticles of Transition Metals as Accelerants in the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate. J. Ener. Mat. 31: 165-177.
[17] Ramakrishna P. A., Paul P. J., Mukunda H. S., (2002), Sandwich propellant combustion: Modeling and experimental comparison. Proc. Combust. Instit. 29: 2963-2973.
[18] Kuo K. K., Summerfield M., (eds), (1984), Fundamentals of Solid Propellant Combustion, Progress Astronautics and Aeronautics, 90, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
[19] Brewster M. Q., Mullen J. C., (2011), Burning-rate behavior in aluminized wide-distribution AP composite propellants. Combus. Explos. Shock Waves. 47: 200-208.