Template synthesis and characteristics of nanoparticle MgO

Document Type: Short Communication


Department of Chemistry, Center Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.



Oxide nanoparticles can exhibit unique physical and chemical properties due to their limited size and a high density of corner or edge surface sites. In this study, MgO nanoparticle was synthesized using Mg(CH3COO)2 and hexamethylenetetramine as starting materials. The structure and optical properties of these particles are investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-Visible absorption. The XRD analysis discloses that MgO nanoparticle is successfully synthesized. Dispersive analysis of X-RAY (EDAX) was used to characterize the size and morphology of the MgO nanoparticle on the template. The morphology of MgO was nanospheres.


Main Subjects

 [1]       Schlogl R., Abd Hamid S. B., (2004), Nanocatalysis: Mature science revisited or something really new. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43: 1628-1637.

[2]       Steigerwald M. L., Brus L. E., (1990), Semiconductor Crystallites: A Class of Large Molecules. Acc. Chem. Res. 23: 183-188.

[3]       Henglein A., (1989), Small-particle research: physicochemical properties of extremely small colloidal metal and semiconductor particles. Chem. Rev. 89: 1861-1873.

[4]       Fecht H. J., Edlestein A. S., Cammarata R. C., (1996), Nanomaterials synthesis properties and applications. Neranga Gamage.  2: 105-110.

[5]       Martin T. P., Naher U., Schaber H., Zimmerman U., (1994), Evidence for a size-dependent melting of sodium clusters. J. Chem. Phy.s 100: 2322-2324.

[6]       Goldstein A. N., Euther C. M., Alivasatos A. P., (1992), Melting in semiconductor nanocrystals. Science. 256: 1425-1427.

[7]       Klabunde K. J., Stark J. V., Koper O., Mohs C., Park D. G., Decker S., Jiang Y., Lagadic I., Zhang D., (1996), Near Infrared Reflectance Properties of Metal Oxide. J. .Phys .Chem. 100: 12142-12153.

[8]       Utamapanya S., Klabunde K. J., Schlup J. R., (1991), Structure studies on nanocrystalline powder of MgO xerogel prepared by the sol-gel method. Chem. Mater. 3:171-175.

[9]       Misawa T., Moriyoshi Y., Yajima Y., Takenouchi S., Ikegami T., (1999), Forming a transparent MgO ceramic. J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 107: 343-348.

[10]    Chen L. M., Sun X. M., Liu Y. N., Li Y. D., (2004), Solution combustion synthesis and characterization MgO powders.  Apply. Catal. A: Gen. 265: 123-128.

[11]    Bedilo A. F., Sigel M. J., Koper O. B., Melgunov M. S., Klabunde K. J. (2002), Synthesis of carbon-coated MgO nanoparticles. J. Mater. Chem. 12: 3599-3604.

[12]    Yang  Q., Sha J., Wang L., Wang J., Yang D., (2006), Sol-Gel Synthesis of Highly Stable Nano Sized MgO from Magnesium Oxalate Dihydrate Mater. Sci. Eng. C. 26: 1097-1107.

[13]    Xie Yi., Wang W., Qian Y., Yang L., Chen Z., (1996), Deposition and microstructural characterization of MgO thin films by a spray pyrolysis method. Surf. Coat. Technol. 82: 291-293.

[14]    Helble J. J., (1998), Combustion aerosol synthesis of nanoscale ceramic powders. J. Aerosol Sci. 29: 721-736.

[15]    Li Y., Bando Y., Sato T., (2002), Preparation of network-like MgO nanobelts on Si substrate. Chem. Phys. Lett. 359: 141-145.

[16]    Kumari L., Li W. Z., Vannoy C. H., Leblanc R. M., Wang D. Z., (2009), Synthesis of Mg(OH)2 micro-/nanostructure and its conversion to MgO.  Ceram. Int. 35: 3355-3364.

[17]    Cullity B. D., Stock S. R., (2001), Elements of X-Ray Diffraction. 3rd Ed. Prentice-Hall Inc. 167-171.