Structure and electronic properties of single–walled zigzag BN and B3C2N3 nanotubes using first-principles methods

Document Type : Reasearch Paper


1 Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, P.O. BOX. 19395-3697, Tehran, IRAN.

2 Department of Chemistry, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, P.O. BOX. 15875-4416, Tehran, IRAN.



The structure and the electronic properties of single-walled zigzag BN and B3C2N3 nanotubes (n, 0; n=4–10) were investigated using first-principles calculations based on a density functional theory. A plane–wave basis set with periodic boundary conditions in conjunction with Vanderbilt ultrasoft pseudo-potential was employed. The energy gap of ZB3C2N3NTs was calculated and compared with the corresponding value for BNNTs. It was found that in both types of nanotube (BNNTs and B3C2N3NTs), the band gap energy is increased as the diameter of the tubes becomes larger and also these nanotubes are semiconductors with direct band gap. Although the band gap energy of the BN tubes are much larger than that of B3C2N3 ones, they have similar dependence on the diameter of the tubes and a semiconducting characteristic is maintained. There is a peak near the conduction band in B3C2N3NT nanotubes. Thus, energy gaps are reduced. These kind of ternary BCN nanotubes are of n–type semiconductors.


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