Hydroxyapatite - starch nano biocomposites synthesis and characterization
M.S. Sadjadi 1,*, M. Meskinfam 1,2, H. Jazdarreh 2
1 Department of Chemistry, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Chemistry ,Faculty of Science, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University , Lahijan, Iran
Received: 6 April 2010; Accepted: 18 July 2010
Bone like hydroxyapatite (nHAp) was synthesized via an in situ biomimetic process in presence of wheat starch. The effect of polymer concentration alteration on the final structure of nHAp was investigated. Formation of the nHAp at room temperature was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). Size and morphology of the nHAp samples were characterized using scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). Starch as a template agent has influence on shape of the HAp precipitated in its aqueous solution. It leads to formation of rode like nHAp which is similar to this inorganic component in natural bone.
Keywords: Nanostructures, hydroxyapatite , Starch , Biomaterial, Template