Investigation of handmade ferrofluids' motion in a ventilated cavity using computational fluid dynamics

Document Type : Reasearch Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Yazd, Yazd, Iran.



In this research, some more applicable ferrofluids are produced and their mechanical specifications are measured, experimentally. Also, their treatments in the ventilated cavity geometry are assessed numerically. The magnetite nanoparticles are produced by a chemical combination of Fe2+ and Fe3+ with NH3. In order to solve the nanoparticles in the new mediums, a proper coating is added to them. Then they are solved in kerosene, brake oil, hydraulic oil and motor oil with different particle fractures. A pressure-based procedure to solve Navier-stokes equations with finite volume formulation is developed to simulate a magnetic fluid in ventilated cavity geometry. One of the usages of this geometry is found in magnetic separation. The ventilated cavity geometry includes a square medium with one velocity inlet and one velocity outlet. In addition, a magnetic field due to a DC current carrying wire is employed on the geometry. The magnetic field intensities, its positions and ferrofluids’ mediums are changed. Then, the flow characteristics for each case are obtained to find the optimum situation for magnetic separation. Finally, the optimum situations for magnetic separation and for local cooling are obtained and the best ferrofluid is suggested for each application.