Interaction of some heavy metal ions with single walled carbon nanotube

Document Type : Reasearch Paper


1 Department of chemistry, Shahre-Ghods branch, Islamic azad university,Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of chemistry, Science and research branch, Islamic azad university,Tehran,Iran.

3 Faculty of chemistry, Islamshahr branch, Islamic azad university, Islamshahr, Iran.



The interaction between some heavy metal ions such as of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution adsorbed by single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNTs) and carboxylate group functionalized single walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT-COOH) surfaces were studied by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The effect of contact time, pH, initial concentration of ion, ionic strength and temperature on the adsorption of ion were investigated. The results indicated that Langmuir model fits adsorption isotherm data better than the Freundlich model. The results also demonstrated that SWCNT-COOH surfaces can more effectively adsorb mentioned ions than a SWCNTs surface. Maximum adsorption capacities (qm) for Pb(II), Cu(II) and Cd(II) ions onto SWCNT-COOH were obtained as 96.02, 77.00 and 55.89 mg/g, respectively and by SWCNTs, as 33.55, 24.29 and 24.07 mg/g, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters values showed that the adsorption of ions on SWCNT-COOH and SWCNTs at 283-313 K is spontaneous and endothermic.